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AFRICAN HOLOCAUST ARTICLES

Until lions tell their tale, the story of the hunt will always glorify the hunter

African Proverb

Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will

– Frederick Douglass

The most pathetic thing is for a slave who doesn't know that he is a slave

– Malcolm X

Every man is rich in excuses to safeguard his prejudices, his instincts, and his opinions.

– Ancient Egypt

Cowardice asks the question: is it safe? Expediency asks the question: is it political? Vanity asks the question: is it popular? But conscience asks the question: is it right.

– Dr. Martin L. King, Jr

What kind of world do we live in when the views of the oppressed are expressed at the convenience of their oppressors?

– 'Alik Shahadah

We are not Africans because we are born in Africa, we are Africans because Africa is born in us.

– Chester Higgins Jr.

Leave no brother or sister behind the enemy line of poverty.

– Harriet Tubman

MAAFA

FACTS ABOUT AFRICA

AMAZING INFO ABOUT AFRICA & AFRICANS


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This section is dedicated to at a glance facts about Africa. The concept is a Work in Progress and was designed as a research tool, which is dedicated to overview of the continent for the purpose of analysis. These facts can be verified or debunked by independent Google Scholar searches. We cannot guarantee they are all 100% true or without objection. And no orphan fact on its own constitutes a proper comprehension of history.

Do orphan facts help? Only if people are planning to be inspired by them to go and read further. But an orphan fact cannot tell you much about your history because they are disconnected from context. So you cannot draw conclusions from orphan facts, only inspiration. Report errors here


   

We guestimate that scholars and historians do not even know 10% of total African history. With the average African knowing 0.1% of that 10%

 
African Holocaust Society

Ocacia Traditional Modern African Clothing

Africa has 3000 distinct ethnic groups, 2000 languages. Home to the most genetically diverse people on Earth. So diverse that two Africans are more genetically different from each other than a Chinese and a European are from each other. Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km², it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With approximately 58 countries. It occupies a wide dynamic latitude has; deserts, forest, snow, temperate climate, tropics, sub-tropics, lakes, the longest river, lowest point on Earth, mountain ranges. Now we have to ponder over these figures when we have these vulgar sweeping generalizations, which fit all of this diversity into one and two monolithic boxes. There are generalizations, which do define Africa, but almost none that are exclusive to Africans.



* The Afro-Asiatic language family and the Semitic language (Amharic,, Arabic and Hebrew) sub-group originated in East Africa 12,000 years ago. Amharic is (of Ethiopia) is the second most-spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic.

* Affad 23, is an African archaeological site located in alluvial deposits formed by an ancient channel of the Nile in the Affad District of Southern Dongola in northern Sudan. Archaeologists from the 'Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology' in Poznań, unearthed the remains of a settlement provisionally estimated to be 70,000 years old. [ref]

* The oldest peace treaty in the world was between the Hittites and Ancient Egyptian after the battle of Kadesh

* As powerful and influencial as Ancient Egypt was it never exceeded 1 mill: 26th Dynasty of Egypt 0.65: Old Kingdom of Egypt 0.4: Fifteenth dynasty of Egypt 0.65: Middle Kingdom of Egypt 0.5 (Max. land area (million km2). Which was smaller in comparison to Songhai Empire at 1.4

* Mansa Musa (Musa I) greatest legacy, was the hajj which not only caused an economic inflation in Mediterranean but indirectly supplied financial support for the Italian renaissance. His Hajj brought massive development to Ancient Mali by bringing in technology and scholarship from the broader Islamic world. And ultimately resulted in Timbuktu being a center of scholarship for the Islamic world.

* By 1740 BCE, the Egyptians had a symbol for zero in accounting texts. The symbol nfr, meaning beautiful, was also used to indicate the base level in drawings of tombs and pyramids and distances were measured relative to the base line as being above or below this line

* Shaka Zulu is said to be one of the greatest military leaders in African history and ranked among the top military generals in world history--period. Many historians say Shaka Zulu was the first military leader to use the bull horn formation. This is a three-part attack system in which seasoned warriors form the “chest” of the horn at the front, pinning the enemy into a position where it can be easily attacked.Shaka gained confidence and support: 1) He eliminated privilege and class. Warriors had to earn their positions and rank. 2) All the spoils of war taken from the defeated armies were to be split among the warriors, and all resources shared. 3) Ageing members of society were to be treated with dignity, and allowed to retire.

* Dark skin is a later "evolution" in Africa. It is more than likely that the general skin pigmentation of Africans was much lighter than it is today. Closer to the skin complexion of the Khoisan people of Southern Africa. Skin color is largely only an adaptation to an environment.

* Young African American men — across the board — score below their counterparts in other racial and ethnic groups when it comes to graduation rates, literacy rates and college preparedness. And many African American men, in turn, are virtually locked out of employment and are filling up the nation’s prisons in disproportionate numbers.

* Tabaski or Eid-ul-Adha is perhaps the largest mass single distribution of food to the needy in Africa.

* Julius Malema (1981) is the youngest person in the history of South Africa to win a parliamentary seat. (unverified)

* White Americans now have 22 times more wealth than African Americans, a figure that has nearly doubled during the recession. According to the Census, in 2010, media household net worth for whites totaled $110,729. For African Americans, the figure was $4,995. From June 2009 to June 2012, real median annual household income for African Americans fell 11.1 percent from $36,567 down to $32,498. The drop for whites was 5.2 percent and 4.1 percent for Hispanics. According to the Census, 26.4 percent of households who report receiving food stamp assistance are African American, despite the fact that black Americans constitute just 13 percent of the total population. A study by the AARP found that home foreclosure rates for African American borrowers over the age of 50 were almost double those of whites.

* Barbara, also referred to as Bilad al-Barbar (Land of the Berbers), was an ancient region on the northern coast of the Somalia. The area was inhabited by the Eastern Baribah or Barbaroi (Berbers), as the ancestors of the Somalis were referred to by medieval Arab and ancient Greek geographers, respectively

* The Bantu expansion was one of the most significant human migrations and cultural transformations within the past few thousand years.

* During the Congo Civil War (1998–2003), Pygmies were hunted down like game animals and eaten. Both sides of the war regarded them as "subhuman" and some say their flesh can confer magical powers.

* Time Team doing paleopathology discovered Muslims graves in Denia, Spain with African, Arabs and Berbers buried side by side. Proving that Islamic Spain was a cosmopolitan nation and Muslim Africans ( from West Africa) played a central role in that 800 year history.

* The highest registered literacy rate in the region is in Zimbabwe (90.7%), while the lowest literacy rate is in South Sudan (27%)

* More than half of maternal deaths in the world occur in sub-Saharan Africa

* The people of Upper Egypt could not understand the people of lower Egypt. And today, while people can read Hieroglyphics (Mdtwr) no one actually knows what the language sounds like.

* The number of African-American-owned bookstores has dropped significantly since the late 1970s and 1980s due to a variety of factors, including corporate control of the Internet, waning literacy, fiscal mismanagement and especially lack of community support.

* No plant South of the equator was ever domesticated, all the plants South of the equator are imports. Some scholars claim this has consequences for the lower density of major states compared to North, East and West Africa.

* European missionaries called the language Bangala, after the Bangala people, or Lingala. The latter was intended to mean '(language) of the Bangala' or 'of the River' (that is, 'Riverine Language'. However, this was an error, as the proper Bangi form would have been Kingala

* In 2007, the publication of previously secret CIA documents revealed that the agency had tracked Carmichael from 1968 as part of their surveillance of black activists abroad. The surveillance continued for years

* The exact origins of Al-Akhdam (a marginalized community of Africans in Yemen) are uncertain. One popular account holds that they are descendants of Nilotic Sudanese people who accompanied the Abyssinian army during the latter's occupation of Yemen in the pre-Islamic period. Once the Abyssinian troops were finally expelled at the start of the Muslim era, some of the Sudanese migrants are said to have remained behind, giving birth to the Akhdam. Another theory maintains that they are of Veddoid origin

* Bank of America was fined $335 million in 2011 for minority discrimination. A department investigation concluded that Countrywide loan officers and brokers charged higher fees and rates to more than 200,000 minority borrowers across the country than to white borrowers who posed the same credit risk.

* “NYPD stats show that 96 percent of all shooting victims are African American or Hispanic, and 97 percent of all shooters were African American or Hispanic,” but it’s also true that the number of black and Latino offenders is a small fraction of all blacks and Latinos. Also, According to Justice Department statistics 84% of white people killed every year are killed by other whites.

* It was once thought that the origin of Egyptian Hieroglyphs are religious and historical, but recent developments could point to an economical impetus for this script as well as push back the time depth of this writing system.

* "After a decade of growth in Africa, little change in poverty at the grassroots," is the title of a report by the Afrobarometer research project, which questioned 51,605 respondents in 34 countries from October 2011 to June this year.

* Three large regions of Atlantic Africa were the major contributors to the slave trade: Upper Guinea, including the modern countries of Senegal, Mali, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia; Lower Guinea, including the southern portions of Eastern Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria; and West Central Africa, which encompassed mostly the western portions of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. In all, these regions made up only about 15 percent of Africa’s total area, all on the Atlantic side of the continent.

* The Najahids (بنو نجاح, Banū Najāḥ) were an African slave dynasty, being Ethiopian Mamluks who governed in the Tihama lowland in western Yemen between 1021 and 1158. Their capital was Zabid.

* Kwame Ture/Stokely Carmichael, along with Charles Hamilton, is credited with coining the phrase "institutional racism." This is defined as racism that occurs through institutions such as public bodies and corporations, including universities. In the late 1960s Ture defined "institutional racism" as "the collective failure of an organization to provide an appropriate and professional service to people because of their color, culture or ethnic origin"

* San people of Southern Africa have the following neotenous traits relative to Caucasoids: large brain, light skin pigment, less hair, round-headed, bulging forehead, small cranial sinuses, flat roof of the nose, small face, small mastoid processes, wide eye separation, median eye fold, and short stature

* With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population

* In 1817 only 7 percent of enslaved Barbadian had been born in Africa, whereas in Jamaica the proportion was 36 percent and 44 percent in Trinidad. This stat has consquences for idenity and African culture. For example the proportion of words of African origin in the Barbadian vocabulary is much lower than it is in Jamaica. Also in Barbados none of the religions of African or partly African origin found elsewhere in the Caribbean, such as Voodoo in Haiti, Shango in Trinidad, or Kélé in St. Lucia.

* One month of fighting in South Sudan, which gained independence from Khartoum in 2011, has killed more than 1,000 people and displaced about 400,000, according to the UN.

* The Israeli government decided by a resolution in 2003 that Ethiopians who are descendants of Jewish mothers' lineage have the right to emigrate to Israel under the Entry Law; they may become citizens only if they formally convert to "Orthodox" Judaism. Ethiopian Judaism is older than the Europeanized version of the faith, which has its roots in European cultural movement.

* The spread of e-mail and email harvesting software significantly lowered the cost of sending scam letters by using the Internet. While Nigeria is most often the nation referred to in these scams, they may be originated in other nations as well. For example, in 2006, 61% of Internet criminals were traced to locations in the United States, while 16% were traced to the United Kingdom and 6% to locations in Nigeria.

* Millions of years in the future, Europe and Africa will be joined. The African Plate's speed is estimated at around 2.15 cm (0.85 in) per year.

* A recent DNA study of the mummies of Ramesses III of the Twentieth Dynasty and an unknown son state that they carried the Haplogroup E1b1a. The most recent research indicates that E1b1a originated in Eastern Africa and expanded into Sub-Saharan Africa. It is also present in North Africa, usually at a frequency below 10%, and "is the most common haplogroup in sub-Saharan Africa, with frequency peaks in western (about 80%) and central Africa (about 60%)."

* Antony Browder is the first African American to fund and coordinate an archaeological dig in Egypt and has lead five archeological missions to Egypt since 2009.

* The modern orchestra has its historical roots in Ancient Egypt. The first orchestras were made up of small groups of musicians that gathered for festivals, holidays or funerals.

* Battle of Kadesh (1274 BC) was perhaps the largest chariot Battle ever fought between Ancient Egypt and The Hittite Empire. Tactical: Egyptian victory, Operational: Egyptian defeat (campaign ended in Egyptian retreat) Strategic: Hittite victory (Hittite Empire expanded southward, to Upi)

* The Igbo were affected heavily by the Atlantic slave trade in the 18th century. Igbo slaves were known for being rebellious and having a high count of suicide in defiance of slavery. (Rucker, Walter C. (2006)) In the United States the Igbo were most numerous in the states of Maryland (coincidentally where there is a predominant population of recent Igbo immigrants)

* Recent DNA testing of the Amarna mummies (King Tutankhamun and his relatives) indicates that they inherited their genetic material overwhelmingly from African populations in the Great Lakes of East Africa, tropical West Africa and Southern Africa. These regional matches do not necessarily indicate an exclusively African ancestry for the Amarna pharaonic family. [ref]

* Mansa Musa's hajj, which is said by some to have indirectly funded support for the Italian renaissance, was the only is the only time in recorded history that one man directly controlled the price of gold in the Mediterranean

* Xmas in Ethiopia is called Genna, and is celebrated in January [ 7 (Leap year: January 6]

* Bantu migration is also claimed by some academics to be the trigger for much of the violence in the Great Lakes region, with pastoralist and historically Afro-Asiatic communities such as the Tutsi, Banyankole,and Hima (who only later adopted Bantu languages) in historical conflict over the struggle for political representation and land with the later Bantu migrants in the region

* UN World Health Organization (WHO) announced the pre-qualification of PrePex, the first non-surgical device for adult male circumcision. Compared to surgical circumcision, the device has fewer complications and is easier and quicker to use, allowing lower-cadre medical workers to be trained to perform the procedure. Fourteen African countries in eastern and southern Africa plan on circumcising a total of 20 million men by 2016 in an effort to curb the transmission of HIV

* Old Kikuyus speak of a place called Hakum (axum). Axum is a location somewhere in Ethiopia. Kikuyus believe to have migrated down from there prior settling in Kenya.

* Moors is an "ethnonym" used in Europe in a broader sense to refer to Muslims, especially those of Arab, Berber, or African heritage whether living in Spain or North Africa? None of these people ever referred to themselves Moors. The original meaning of the word Moor as relating to skin color is unclear. Either it was referring to dark skin, or became a word associated with dark skin.

* Iron smith's of sub-Saharan African 2000 B. C. E were capable of higher temperatures compared to 19th century Europe

* it is estimated 21 million people are enslaved all over the world (with few country exceptions)? Slave labor contributes to the production of at least 122 goods from 58 countries worldwide. Read

* In Africa mobile phone dominance has gone from 2% in 2000 to over 70% in 2013.

* Hutus and Tutsis genetically different, for one the lactose tolerance of Tutsis being at 90% while the Hutus is 0% indicates they have different origins. They also look different from one another.

* By 350, Aksum conquered the Kingdom of Kush. At its height, Aksum controlled northern Ethiopia, Eritrea, northern Sudan, southern Egypt, Djibouti, Western Yemen, and southern Saudi Arabia, totalling 1.25 million square kilometers.

* Findings confirm there was an indigenous domestication of cotton (G. herbaceum) in Africa which was separate from the domestication of cotton in India.

* 43.9 million, African Americans currently make up 13 percent of the population in the U.S; by 2060, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, that percentage is expected to catapult to 77.4 million, or 18 percent of the U.S. population. It is an increasingly affluent group: In 2011, 3.1 million African Americans were enrolled in college, a 74 percent increase since 2001.

* Linen was sometimes used as currency in ancient Egypt. Egyptian mummies were wrapped in linen because it was seen as a symbol of light and purity, and as a display of wealth.

* The Annual Customs of Dahomey (xwetanu or huetanu in Fon- "yearly head business") were the main yearly celebration in the Kingdom of Dahomey. These ceremonies were largely started under King Agaja around 1730 and involved significant collection and distribution of gifts and tribute, human sacrifice, military parades, and discussions by dignitaries about the future for the kingdom.

* Eritrea is considered the most likely location of the land known to the ancient Egyptians as Punt (or "Ta Netjeru," meaning god's land), whose first mention dates to the 25th century BC

* The Greatest increase in World literacy took place in Africa, where countries with rates in the 30-40% group changed to 50-60%.

* Islands off the west (Atlantic) coast of Africa are: Canary Islands Cape Verde islands Ascension Island St. Helena Tristan de Cunha Off the east (Indian Ocean) coast are Madagascar Reunion (France) Mayotte (France) Seychelles Prince Edward Island Marion Island Comoros Islands Mauritius

* The name "Nubia", which is widely used to designate the people of Kush, is synonymous with the terms "Nobae" or "Noba". The later were Nilo-Saharan people who dominated Kush beginning in the third century AD. Since "Nubia" was a source of gold to the ancient Egyptians, some historians speculate that the term may have originated from the Egyptian word "Nub" meaning "gold".

* The ancient Nubians referred to their land as "Kas" of which the name "Kush" has descended. The name "Kush", as opposed to "Ethiopia", is found in some Biblical sources and sometimes is spelled as "Cush".

* 1,600 year-old cotton from the Qasr Ibrim site in Africa (near Egypt Sudan border) led to a greater understanding of domesticated crop evolution in droughts and climate change. Egyptian cotton, identified as G. herbaceum, showed evidence of significant genomic reorganisation when the ancient and the modern variety were compared.

* The three vibrant Language isolates in Africa are: Bangime spoken in the Dogon Cliffs, Mali Hadza Vibrant, though fewer than 1000 speakers once listed as an outlier among the Khoisan languages. Sandawe Vibrant tentatively linked to the Khoe languages of southern Africa. Language isolate is a language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages; that is, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language.

*In 1414, an emissary from the town of Malindi, in modern day Kenya, paid a visit to the Chinese royal court. Ancient Chinese texts also testify that Admiral Zheng He visited thrice the Sultan of Malindi, the most powerful ruler on the Kenyan coast at the time.

* In Biblical and Hellenistic sources, the region of Nubia is named "Ethiopia" and is spelled, in some instances, as "Aethiopia". Contemprary historians misreferenced the land of ancient Ethiopia to the modern "Republic of Ethiopia". Recent researches and careful examination of ancient sources indicated the actual location of ancient Ethiopia to be within the political boundries of the modern "Republic of Sudan".

* Africa south of the Sahara, it now seems, was home to a separate and independent invention of iron metallurgy . Iron technology across much of sub-Saharan Africa has an African origin dating to before 1000 BCE

* The term "Habashat" appears to refer to a group of peoples, rather than a specific ethnicity. A Sabaean inscription describes an alliance between the Himyarite king Shamir Yuhahmid and Aksum under King `DBH in the first quarter of the 3rd century AD. They had lived alongside the Sabaeans: "Shamir of dhū Raydān and Himyar had called in the help of the clans of Habashat for war against the kings of Saba; but Ilmuqah granted... the submission of Shamir of dhū Raydān and the clans of Habashat.

* The Ghanaian unit of currency known as the Ghanaian cedi was named after cowry shells.

* The original term "Sudd", from which the modern term "Sudan" is derived, refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".

* Serena Williams (an African American) became the World No. 1 for the first time on July 8, 2002, and regained this ranking for the sixth time on February 18, 2013, becoming the oldest world no. 1 player in WTA's history. She is the only female player to have won over $40 million in prize money

* Linguistically no English or Arabic word are used by Africans to describe horses except in Sierra Leone. This indicates that the horse was embedded in African culture before the emergence of African/Islamic cultures in West Africa. (horse domestication happened outside of Africa so this just means the introduction of the horse is earlier than Islam).

* MHDYS (Mehadeyis) was a King of Aksum (c.360) restored Ge'ez as the language used on all his coins. The legend upon his bronze coins, bzmsql tmw ("By this cross you will conquer"), was a loose translation of the famous motto of Emperor Constantine the Great, In hoc signo vinces ("By this sign you will conquer")

* Akhenaten is noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic or henotheistic. Akhenaten is seen as the pioneer of a monotheistic religion that later became Judaism and eventually into Islam.

* Ancient Egypt, though made up of diverse polities, lasted 3000 years. From 3,000 BCE (founding of the First Dynasty), until it was conquered by Persia around 525 BCE.

* In 1311 Abubakari II ruled what was arguably the richest and largest empire on earth - covering nearly all of West Africa. Gaoussou Diawara in his book, 'The Saga of Abubakari II...he left with 2000 boats', the emperor gave up all power and gold to pursue knowledge and discovery. Abubakari's ambition was to explore whether the Atlantic Ocean - like the great River Niger that swept through Mali - had another 'bank'. In 1311, he handed the throne over to his brother, Kankou Moussa, and set off on an expedition into the unknown.

* In 1324, the Mali king Mansa Musa is said to have told the Arabic historian, Al-Umari that "his predecessors had launched two expeditions from West Africa to discover the limits of the Atlantic Ocean.

* Wall paintings found in Ethiopia and Eritrea depicting human activity; some of the older paintings are thought to date back to around 10,000 BC. Making them some of the oldest in Africa. (Pankhurst)

* The expansion of Bantu languages, which started around 5,000 years before present in west/central Africa and spread all throughout sub-Saharan Africa, may represent one of the major and most rapid demographic movements in the history of the human species

* Nitty-Gritty : The first popular belief holds that the term originated from British slave ships and references the loose debris that would fill the bottom of these ships. Some go as far as to say that the term actually referenced the enslaved Africans themselves.

* The Second richest Saudi Arabian in the world is an African Ethiopian, Mohammed Hussein Al Amoudi. He is ranked 63rd in the world according to Forbes.

* Seychelles, with an estimated population of 86,525, has the smallest population of any African state

* 54% of African Americans graduate from high school, compared to more than three quarters of white and Asian students.

*  Nationally, African American male students in grades K-12 were nearly 2½ times as likely to be suspended from school in 2000 as white students.

* In 2007, nearly 6.2 million young people were high school dropouts. Every student who does not complete high school costs our society an estimated $260,000 in lost earnings, taxes, and productivity.

* On average, African American twelfth-grade students read at the same level as white
eighth-grade students.

*  The twelfth-grade reading scores of African American males were significantly lower than
those for men and women across every other racial and ethnic group.

*  Only 14% of African American eighth graders score at or above the proficient level. These results reveal that millions of young people cannot understand or evaluate text, provide relevant details, or support inferences about the written documents they read.

*  The majority of the 2.3 million people incarcerated in U.S. prisons and jails are people of
color, people with mental health issues and drug addiction, people with low levels of
educational attainment, and people with a history of unemployment or underemployment
.

* In South Africa if a man gets a woman pregnant outside of wedlock he is required to pay damages (a fine to the parents) for dishonored the family.

* The West African country of Ghana is home to the largest artificial lake in the world. The damming of the Volta River by the Akosombo Dam in 1965 created Lake Volta, which has a surface area of about 3,275 square miles.

* The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt. By the 27th century BC Egyptian writing had a set of some 24 hieroglyphs which are called uniliterals

* Muslim pilgrims from sub-Saharan Africa also are relatively prevalent: a median of 13% of Muslims surveyed across the region have completed the hajj. This includes about half (48%) in Djibouti, which is relatively close to the Arabian Peninsula. More than a quarter in Liberia (32%), Chad (28%) and Guinea Bissau (27%) also say they have made the pilgrimage. In the other countries surveyed in the region, roughly one-in-five or fewer has been to Mecca. Making Africa the largest hajj going continent outside of the Middle East.

* The Nilotic peoples of Sudan such as the Shilluk and Dinka have been described as some of the tallest in the world. Dinka Ruweng males were on average 1.813 m tall, and Shilluk males reached even 1.826 m. The Nilotic people are characterized as having long legs, narrow bodies and short trunks, an adaptation to hot weather.

* The Trinidad and Tobago energy sector is viewed by many African countries now attempting to develop their national sectors, as an excellent model to learn from and emulate. Government recently approved a new African Initiative, which seeks to build on and broaden the original policy established back in 2008.

* Substantial components of Malagasy material culture (e.g., cattle pastoralism) could be derived only from African sources.

* The entire African continent is emerging, and many countries are growing at twice the rate of South Africa, where the economy grew by just 2.5 percent in 2012. In contrast, other countries like Ghana or Equatorial Guinea, or Nigeria or even the Republic of Congo, are growing at a much faster rate of 6 or even 7 percent.

* Genetically, the so-called Pygmies (Khoisan) are extremely divergent from all other human populations, suggesting they have an ancient indigenous lineage. Their uniparental markers represent the most ancient divergent ones right after those typically found in Khoisan peoples. African pygmy populations possess high levels of genetic diversity

* Pan African Lawyers Union (PALU) estimates that up to $50b worth of assets is swindled via corruption from Africa annually [1]

* Asthma was recognized in Ancient Egypt and was treated by drinking an incense mixture known as kyphi

* Tallest mountain - Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340 feet / 5895 meters.

* Racial differences in education and employment had also diminished or, in some cases, even disappeared. The proportion of high school graduates was actually higher among blacks than among whites in Cuba, whereas the opposite was true in both Brazil and the United States. Whites continued to enjoy an advantage at the college level, but it was minuscule. About 4.4 percent of white adults (25 or older) had a college degree, compared to 3.5 for those counted as Africans in the census or 3.2 for those counted as mestizos or mixed race. Meanwhile, in the United States the proportion of white college degree holders (20.5 percent) was twice as large as among Africans (10.7 percent); in Brazil it was nine times larger among whites (9.2 percent) than among Africans (1 percent).

* Lowest point in Africa - Lake Assal in Djibouti which lies at 515 feet (155m) below sea level.

* Largest desert in Africa is - The Sahara Desert, which spans almost 3.5 million square miles (9,000,000 square kilometers). It stretches across North Africa and makes up a large part of a dozen countries.

* The Horn of Africa (esp Somalia) has the world's largest population of camels

* Approx 35% of the enslaved Africans that arrived in the New World were Muslim. [3]

* Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the east of the country in particular, has been described as the "rape capital of the world" and the prevalence and intensity of all forms of sexual violence has been described as the worst in the world.

* The Almoravid destruction of Ghana never happened, it was a legend (boast) of the Almoravids which crept into history [Masonen, Pekka; Fisher, Humphrey J.] Conrad and Fisher (1982) argued that the notion of any Almoravid military conquest at its core is merely perpetuated folklore, derived from a misinterpretation or naive reliance on Arabic sources. Dierke Lange agrees but argues that this doesn't preclude Almoravid political agitation. Furthermore, the archaeology of ancient Ghana simply does not show the signs of rapid change and destruction that would be associated with any Almoravid-era military conquests.

* Barbados is the African majority country to be classified as having a "first world" Human development Index. (HDI). Some developing countries such as Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Brunei, Equatorial Guinea, Trinidad and Tobago and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf have been classified as "Developed countries" by the World Bank.

* Around the 8th century BC, a kingdom known as D'mt was established in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, with its capital at Yeha in northern Ethiopia. Its successor, the Kingdom of Aksum, emerged around the 1st century BC or 1st century AD and grew to be, according to the Persian philosopher Mani described Aksum as one of the four greatest civilizations in the world, along with China, Persia, and Rome (Pankhurst)

* Sub-Saharan Africa has produced very early instances of carbon steel found to be in production around 2000 years before present in northwest Tanzania, based on complex preheating principles. These discoveries, are significant for the history of metallurgy. At the end of the Iron Age, Nubia became a major manufacturer and exporter of iron. This was after being expelled from Egypt by Assyrians, who used iron weapons.

* Rwanda is said to have the higest poverty reduction rate in Africa. It also has one of the highest exponential graduate rates in Africa.

* According to German historian Eduard Glaser, the name "Kaaba" ( most sacred site in Islam) may have been related to the southern Ethiopian word "mikrab", signifying a temple

* Africa's oldest known boat" the Dufuna Canoe was discovered near the region of the River Yobe. The Canoe was discovered by a Fulani herdsman in May 1987, in Dufuna Village while digging a well. The canoe’s “almost black wood”, said to be African mahogany, as “entirely an organic material”. Various Radio-Carbon tests conducted in laboratories of reputable Universities in Europe and America indicate that the Canoe is over 8000 years old, thus making it the oldest in Africa and 3rd oldest in the World. Egypt's oldest known boat is 5000 years old.

* Cuba's direct, extensive, critical and decisive role in the struggle against the apartheid regime in South Africa is little known in the West. we are in the midst of the 25th anniversary of a series of military engagements that profoundly altered the history of southern Africa. In 1987-1988, a decisive series of battles occurred around the southeastern Angolan town of Cuito Cuanavale. When it occurred, these battles were the largest military engagements in Africa since the North African battles of the Second World War. Arrayed on one side were the armed forces of Cuba, Angola and the South West African People's Organization (SWAPO), on the other, the South African Defense Forces, military units of the Union for the Total National Independence of Angola (UNITA - the South African proxy organization) and the South African Territorial Forces of Namibia (then still illegally occupied by Pretoria). Cuba's example is a profound challenge to those who believe and argue that only real politick, national self-interest and the pursuit of power and wealth are - and can be - the only guides, determinants and sources of foreign policy.

* South Africa and Central African Republic (CAR) is the only African country without a proper name.

* 90% of the Nile, which allowed the rise of the Ancient Egyptian Nation comes from the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. Lake Tana is its source. But due to the British colonial policy Egypt takes a lion share of the development potential of this resources.[4]

* 400 ships from the Mali Empire discovered a land across the ocean to the West after being swept off course by ocean currents. Only one ship returned, and the captain reported the discovery of a western current to Prince Abubakari II; the off-course Mali fleet of 400 ships is said to have conducted both trade and warfare with the peoples of the western lands. It is claimed that Abubakari II abdicated his throne and set off to explore these western lands. In 1324, the Mali king Mansa Musa is said to have told the Arabic historian, Al-Umari that "his predecessors had launched two expeditions from West Africa to discover the limits of the Atlantic Ocean."

* Cocaine use spreads to the African Americans Communities where it is initially used by Dockers in New Orleans to enable them to work harder for longer. This is how cocain was first identified as harmful when the so-called "crazed Negro" was justification for much anti-African racism and killings. Shoot to kill was the order because apparently Cocaine made the African super African. [4]

* Lesotho is the only country in Africa completely surrounded by one country, it is 1/3 in the world. All the others are surrounded by Italy (Vatican City and San Marino).

* Ibogaine is used in medicinal and ritual purposes within African spiritual traditions of the Bwiti, who learned it from the so-called  Pygmy people. Ibogaine is an experiment "instant" cure for opiate addiction. But it is illegal in USA. The drug companies make more money off of using inferior solutions that prolong addict dependency to opiates. Not to mention no African profits from this product despite being the ones who discovered its general benefits.

* A decade ago Gabon set aside 10% of its land for national parks. A Unique conservationist move by the late Omar Bongo. It wanted to become a magnet for eco-tourists. Today Gabon has one of the largest proportions of nature parkland in the world

* The national archives in Addis Ababa is one of the institutions benefiting the beginnings of the country's technology revolution, with the digitisation of their catalogues by a local Ethiopian software company

* Our survey shows that local South African adverts have a 85% White representation. With the exception of Africans being 86% represented in alcohol adverts. 97% of mainstream South African films are owned, produced and directed by non-Africans.

* 90% of the wealth of Botswana is under White/European ownership

* The Osu caste system in Nigeria and southern Cameroon, can be traced back to an indigenous religious belief system, practiced within the Igbo nation. It is the belief of many Igbo traditionalists that the Osus are people historically owned by deities, and are therefore considered to be a 'living sacrifice', an outcaste, untouchable and sub-human (similar to the Roman practice of homo sacer).

* One of the youngest Mothers : Mum-Zi 8 years, 4 months Chief Akkiri Nigeria Mum-Zi was a member of Chief Akkiri's harem on the island of Calabar. Her daughter also gave birth extremely early, making Mum-Zi a grandmother at age 17. August 1893 Zi 8 years, 8 months A relative or familiar of Chief Akkiri Nigeria Zi, Mum-Zi's daughter, became a mother at the age of 8 years 8 months.

* Hanish Islands conflict, was a dispute between Yemen and Eritrea over the island of Greater Hanish in the Red Sea, one of the largest in the then disputed Zukur-Hanish archipelago. Fighting took place over three days from 15 December to 17 December 1995 resulting in an Eritrian victory. In 1998 the Permanent Court of Arbitration determined that the most of archipelago belonged to Yemen. According to Yemeni sources, the Eritrean operation may have been directed by Israeli officers. Sources close to the office of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh claimed that "several Israelis" had directed the operation, including a Lieutenant-Colonel named as Michael Duma. This claim was based on several coded messages in Hebrew allegedly intercepted by Yemeni intelligence

* In the UK out of 14,000 British professors – but only 50 are African or Asian.

* Native African religions did not have principled disagreement with slavery, slavery was a penal system in parts of Africa until the Transatlantic slave trade corrupted it.

* Sudan has more pyramids than any other country on earth - even more than Egypt. There are at least 223 pyramids in the Sudanese cities of Al Kurru, Nuri, Gebel Barkal and Meroë. They are generally 20 to 30 metres high and steep sided.

* Islam is the fastest growing religion in Rwanda after the genocide, due to the protection/refugee Muslims gave persecuted people during the genocide.

* Ancient Egyptian language have been dated from about 3,200 BC, making it one of the oldest recorded languages known.

*Judaism has been in Africa for around 3000 Years, Christianity in Ethiopia for 2000 Years and Islam for 1400 years.[2][5]

*Fasilides dispatched an embassy to India in 1664-5 to congratulate Aurangzeb upon his accession to the throne of the Mughal Empire.

* The word Banana, Jazz, Okay are all from West Africa

* African leaders have caused the continent to loose between 0.6T$ to 1.4 trillion $ from 1980 to 2010. Dambisa Moyo in her book "Dead Aid" put also that figure around 1T$ since Independence.


SOUTH AFRICA

  • South Africa has the highest number of people infected with HIV in the world
  • South Africa has "one of the highest per capita alcohol consumption rates in the world".
  • violence against  women, including sexual violence, is widespread in South Africa. In a large survey, more than four-in-ten South African men reported to have been physically violent to an intimate partner
  • Two out of five male South African pupils say they have been raped, *by either men or women or both” according to a study suggesting sexual abuse of boys is endemic in the country's schools.
  • South Africa has a high rate of murders, assaults, rapes, and other crimes compared to most countries
  • According to the UN, South Africa  has the highest  peacetime rapes per capita in the entire world. It is called the rape capital of the world.
  • Half of all road accidents in South Africa were the result of drunkenness (MRC). 80% of prime time advertising is alcohol related content.




Country

Official
Algeria Arabic, 
Berber languages, four dialects (by constitutional amendment)
French
Angola Portuguese Narrow Bantu like Umbundu and other African languages.
Benin French Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north).
Botswana Setswana (national language with minor differences in dialects), English is the official business language and it is widely spoken in urban areas.  
Burkina Faso French Native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population.
Burundi Kirundi, French Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area).
Cameroon English, French 24 major African language groups.
Cape Verde Portuguese Kabuverdianu (Crioulo) (a blend of Portuguese and West African words).
Central African Republic French, Sangho (lingua franca and national language) Banda, Gbaya and other tribal languages.
Chad French, Arabic Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects.
Comoros Arabic, French Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic).
Democratic Republic of the Congo French Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba.
Congo, Republic of the French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread).
Côte d'Ivoire French 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken.
Djibouti French, Arabic Somali, Afar
Egypt Arabic English and French widely understood by educated classes.
Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo.
Eritrea Tigrinya (Tigrigna), Arabic, English Tigré (second major language), Afar, Bedawi, Kunama, other Cushitic languages.
Ethiopia Amharic Tigrinya, Oromo, Gurage, Somali, Arabic, 80 other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Gabon French Bantu languages like Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi.
Gambia, The English Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars.
Ghana English African languages (including Akan, Adangme, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Guinea French (spoken by 15-20%) Eight national languages, Soussou (Susu, in coastal Guinea), Peulh (Fulani, in Northrn Guinea), Maninka (Upper Guinea), Kissi (Kissidougou Region), Toma and Guerze (Kpelle) in rain forest Guinea; plus various ethnic groups with their own language.
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese Crioulo (a mixture of Portuguese and African), other African languages.
Kenya English, Kiswahili numerous indigenous languages.
Lesotho Sesotho (southern Sotho), English Zulu, Xhosa.
Liberia English 20% some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence.
Libya Arabic Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities.
Madagascar French, Malagasy  
Malawi English, Nyanja (Chichewa, Chewa) Lomwe, Tumbuka, Yao, other languages important regionally.
Mali French Bambara (Bamanakan), Arabic and numerous dialects of Dogoso, Fulfulde, Koyracini, Senoufou, and Mandinka/Malinké (Maninkakan), Tamasheq are also widely spoken.
Mauritania Arabic Hassaniya Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French
Mauritius English, French Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri
Morocco Arabic Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy.
Mozambique Portuguese (spoken by 27% of population as a second language) Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, numerous other indigenous languages.
Namibia English 7% Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama.
Niger French Hausa, Djerma
Nigeria English Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, Ijaw, Ibibio and about 250 other indigenous languages spoken by the different ethnic groups.
Réunion French Creole widely used
Rwanda Rwanda (Kinyarwanda, Bantu vernacular) French, English Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers.
Saint Helena English  
São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese  
Senegal French Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Seychelles English, French Creole
Sierra Leone English (regular use limited to literate minority) Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Somalia Somali Arabic, Italian, English
South Africa 11 official languages, including Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, Pedi, Sesotho (Sotho), siSwati (Swazi), Xitsonga (Tsonga), Tswana, Tshivenda (Venda), isiXhosa, isiZulu
Sudan/South Sudan Arabic Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English. note: program of "Arabization" in process
Swaziland English (government business conducted in English), siSwati  
Tanzania, United Republic of Kiswahili (Swahili), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education) Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), Gogo, Haya, Makonde, Nyakyusa, Nyamwezi, Sukuma, Tumbuka, many other local languages.
Togo French (the language of commerce) Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
Tunisia Arabic (and the languages of commerce) French (commerce)
Uganda English (used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts) Ganda (Luganda; most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Acoli, Swahili, Arabic
Western Sahara   Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Zambia English major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages.
Zimbabwe English Chishona (Shona), Sindebele (Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects like: Sotho and Nambya, Shangani, Venda, Chewa, Nyanja, and Tonga.


* Spillane, Joseph F. (2000). Cocaine: From Medical Marvel to Modern Menace in the United States, 1884-1920. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins Uacniversity Press. pp. 91.

African Kings African Kings African Kings
     

   
We are living in a time when image-making has become a science. Someone can create a certain image and then use that image to twist your mind and lead you right up a blind path
 
Malcolm X


   
"white" depends for its stability on its negation, "black." Neither exists without the other, and both come into being at the moment of imperial conquest.
 
Franz Fanon

 
   
You cannot measure an African success with a European ruler
 
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