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Until lions tell their tale, the story of the hunt will always glorify the hunter

African Proverb

Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will

– Frederick Douglass

The most pathetic thing is for a slave who doesn't know that he is a slave

– Malcolm X

Every man is rich in excuses to safeguard his prejudices, his instincts, and his opinions.

– Ancient Egypt

Cowardice asks the question: is it safe? Expediency asks the question: is it political? Vanity asks the question: is it popular? But conscience asks the question: is it right.

– Dr. Martin L. King, Jr

What kind of world do we live in when the views of the oppressed are expressed at the convenience of their oppressors?

– Owen 'Alik Shahadah

We are not Africans because we are born in Africa, we are Africans because Africa is born in us.

– Chester Higgins Jr.

Leave no brother or sister behind the enemy line of poverty.

– Harriet Tubman

If the future doesn't come toward you, you have to go fetch it

Zulu Proverb

If we do not stop oppression when it is a seed, it will be very hard to stop when it is a tree.

– ' Alik Shahadah

If we stand tall it is because we stand on the shoulders of many ancestors.

African Proverb

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

Martin L. King, Jr

The greatest threat to freedom is the absence of criticism

Wole Soyinka

No longer must the African genius be trapped between bureaucracy and mismanagement

Alik Shahadah

How can I turn from Africa and live?

Derek Walcott

For far too long, a majority of Africans have been indifferent to misrepresentations about who they are

Childo Nwangwu

We cannot have the oppressors telling the oppressed how to rid themselves of the oppressor

Kwame Ture



General African Authors

Jews & The African Holocaust

Ben Levi Yahweh + Various authors Support BDS

Holocaust     Holocaust
No oppression is complete until the oppressed become oppressors themselves Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust

Note: This article deals with more than Jews, Judaism, Zionism and slavery , and has evolved since its original authorship to deal with African Jews, Palestine, and other Jewish related issues from an African perspective.

Page 2

Amid massive protests in South Africa, the African National Congress in Parliament (who suffered their own long years of apartheid) is calling for the Israeli Ambassador
to leave with “immediate effect” and for the South African Ambassador to Tel Aviv to be immediately recalled. But Zionism has a deep pocket and deeper ties to the economy of South Africa.

Fact | Cynthia McKinney witnessed, just like America, Israeli Jails have majority African people [2]

Genocide against Ethiopian Jews | Jewish Ethiopian women were given contraceptive injections before immigrating to Israel and after arrival. The result: a 50 percent decline in birthrate, and a ‘missing generation’ of Ethiopian children.[2]

Israel and Kenya Death Squads: Israel plays an influencial role in the extra-judical killings of Kenyan citizens by the Kenyan goverment. [external video]

Israel and Apartheid South Africa: Secret documents revealing offer to sell nuclear warheads to South Africa cast fresh light on alliance. [external link]

Forced Conversion: The Israeli government decided by a resolution in 2003 that Ethiopians who are descendants of Jewish mothers' lineage have the right to emigrate to Israel under the Entry Law; they may become citizens only if they formally convert to Orthodox Judaism. This is supposed to be a democratic country but the law of the land forces you to leave the older African Judaism behind and adopt the 18th century Europeanized sect.


When dealing with a topic as sensitive as Jews and African oppression, or any group and the oppression of another group, we must first explain the social and political factors around such a study.
There are no taboos on authentic research as far as Africans are concerned and the European Jewish involvement in African enslavement seems to be a seriously controversial one further exacerbated since...

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the publishing of work by the Nation of Islam and Dr. Tony Martin, both are charged with being antisemitic. Along with Farrakhan, Jesse Jackson, Marcus Garvey, [4] Cynthia McKinney, Malcolm X, John Henrick Clarke, Desmond Tutu , obviously Leonard Jeffries [2] and almost all critics of the state of Israel, even liberal Alice Walker![7]

This charge of anti-Semitism (which is a misnomer) cannot and must not dissuade Africans from researching into any area of history; especially when that history has traditionally been suppressed. Passionately saying "This is all antisemitic junk" or "sounds like Protocols of Elders of Zion conspiracy" can no longer be used as a defense against this discourse; the world is getting tired and bored of this dronish one-liner, and the cookie cutter drivel. It is very easy, when in control of media, to selective critique people like Farrakhan as hateful but avoid dealing with his position on a point-by-point bases. Because if the charge of antisemitism (an over-abused Zionist silencing apparatus) was satisfied every time it was invoked, no one other than pro-Zionist would be allowed to say "Jew." [3][4] And make no mistake, the real issues of Israel are not "Jewish" issues, they are Zionist issues. No one should confuse Zionism and Judaism, Jewish people and Zionist. The issue is 100% with Zionism, an areligious cover for White supremacy .

It has always been very easy for Africa's detractors to assemble all the hand-picked Black defenders of Zionism to act with "authority" and decry this discourse as "fringe theories". Anyone attempting to dictate what topics are viable for African scholars to research is racist as well as those who think the opinions of Africans is not noteworthy. Skipping the colorful names for Tony Martin and Farrakhan it would be far more meaningful to explore this study point-by-point. What Zionist Jews are very skilled at is cherry picking and hyperbole. Very skilled presenting examples of "all the good things they did for us Blacks" until they blind themselves to their own terrible history of racism and oppression. Citing how much someone else, like the Arabs, especially Muslims, have done far worse has always been a good defense. But the decoy of a "better devil"— true or false, as a defense cannot invalidate the necessity for any study.

Balanced respectful critique is a sign of a healthy society, and in this polarized debate some "other" opinion is necessary to balance out white-washing on one hand, and blatant antisemitic on the other. And it is a fine line, but that in itself is true for most studies on controversial topics.


Which religion considers your killed ones innocent and our killed ones worthless? And which principle considers your blood real blood and our blood water? Reciprocal treatment is fair and the one who starts injustice bears greater blame
Alik Osama Bin Ladin

No African dictates the volumes of book written on Jewish history, or their views on Africa. Not one African is allowed to object to philosemitic pride. No one cries for the Arabs when Islam and slavery, Islam and anything bad, are being discussed to death. It is "freedom of speech" on the Jewish run Jihad Watch, but In Germany it is a criminal offense to use freedom of speech to "Holocaust Deny." The world seems to have to kneel before the hypersensitive, overblown, overreacting whims of a tiny Zionist population housed in Israel and America. (see Gunter Grass). Israel is free to threaten holocaust on everyone else,[4] but it is antisemitic to even protest their right to destroy other people. philosemites boast about how great Jews are, and how much power they have, how much influence they have in Hollywood—yet, to quote them in their own words is called antisemitic. Including the mention of a Jewish/Zionist power block, a Jewish fiefdom in media and US foreign policy.[8]

Holocaust     Holocaust
He who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Martin Luther King, Jr.

The entire history of the selfish ADL in holding back groups that service African-American development is an open record.[4] Despite the allure of its name, the ADL is nothing more than a Zionist lobby for protecting Israeli and European Jewish interest globally. It has zero interest in Defamation outside of its own spheres of gain. The Zionist agendas of Darfur Watch are no longer a "conspiracy against Israel"[5] As part of the usually cover up the ADL stated that Ethiopian Jews are not experiencing racism: "Whatever Israel's mistakes towards its Ethiopian Jewish community, the cause is not racism." It explains that "what causes the distress is bureaucratic ineptitude and a cultural gap between a traditional community and a modern, technologically-advanced, highly-competitive nation. It should be clear the role of the ADL in maintaining, protecting, denying anything which threatens the White constitution of Israeli society.

Many Jews/Zionist have been very vocal against anyone using "their" terms "Diaspora", "Genocide" and "Holocaust." Yet there are Jews who believe that it is all right for the Jews to borrow from the Greeks, but not all right for Africans to borrow the same concepts from the Jews. The Jews are particularly possessive about the concept of Holocaust - insisting that it must be uniquely Jewish. Yes, when the concept is from Greek to Jew - but No if it is from Jew to African (Mazrui)[6]

Forget the worldwide rampant Islamophobia and demonization of Arabs... Human Rights and Labor, has "institutionalized the fight against global anti-Semitism", even though the US military and their allies have been destroying countries mostly populated by Muslims for over a decade. Or maybe is it precisely to support the war on Islam and the Arab World – a.k.a. "war on terrorism" – that the "war on global anti-Semitism" is being launched?
Alik Julie Lévesque [3]


Holocaust Denial, African or Jewish

Is truth antisemitic? is the challenge that first has to be addressed. What is the term then for racism against African people? Where are the terminologies for Africans to articulate the 500 plus years of exploitation and humiliation caused by all forms of racism, which European Jews are not subject to? 1 billion plus Africans are less represented that a 13 million Jews. That is not the fault of the Jew, but certainly needs to be placed here in context so we can understand how is it then, we know more about Jewish experience--than the African experience. Clearly the power of one group is not represented in the demographic numbers. Those with eyes can see clearly the inequity in representation and that inequity, as with all inequity, causes resentment.

There is no part of our history that has not had some sort of negative impact from Jewish agendas, so it is strange that the relationship is sold as benign. Garvey blamed Jewish jurors and a Jewish federal judge, Julian Mack, for his conviction. In 1928, Garvey told a journalist: "When they wanted to get me they had a Jewish judge try me, and a Jewish prosecutor. I would have been freed but two Jews on the jury held out against me ten hours and succeeded in convicting me, whereupon the Jewish judge gave me the maximum penalty." The Hamitic myth was pushed by in the writings of British Jews C. G. Seligman, it asserted that all significant achievements in African history were the work of "Hamites" who migrated into central Africa as pastoralists, bringing technologies and civilizing skills with them, passing them onto an inferior people. Hitlter had similar ideas, but Hitler was not Jewish so unlike Seligman he could be called racist.

Now the Jewish Zionist revisionist historians (namely Harold Brackman on behalf of the Zionist Simon Wiesenthal Center) are trying to take the odd comment from the likes of Du Bois and place them in some pro-Israeli sling shot. They seem to think any support of ideological Zionism means support for the ongoing human rights abuses of modern Israel (especially in light of all we know today that we did not know then). But it has gone awry, the world knows the truth, and the entire history shows them to be more foe than friend.

These issues can only be healed by the truth discourse (not further obfuscation, exploitation and deceptive revisionism) and amending the evils they do against their Palestinian population and against the African liberation movement.(thanks for your advise, but no thanks)

We have dealt with Arabs, and African systems of slavery with transparency. Therefore why should African people shy away from subjects branded as third rail or sacred cow? Especially when Jewishness has never been an obstacle or inhibitor of White Supremacy. It certainly did not stop the "chosen nation" from giving full assistance to apartheid South Africa to deal with the "black problem"[6]


See Battle of the Holocausts

Holocaust     Holocaust
Oppression is not complete until the oppressed take on the traits of their oppressors Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Alik Shahadah

The relationship of Africans and Jews has always attracted great comparisons: both people of historical persecution. But only pandemic brainwashing could make Africans think Jews and them are in the same boat of oppression: European Jews have accomplish things Africans can not even dream of. Everyone knows of the Jewish Holocaust-- Jewish or otherwise, while even in Africa many do not even know about the Atlantic slave trade. They think African Americans got to America by some pleasant event. And the sad reality is it is often the case that for African-based arguments to gain validity or make a point they have to be parallel to Jewish experience to evoke empathy. So we see "would anyone expect Jews to let Nazis write their history." In an attempt to highlight how ridiculous it is for African history to constantly be written through the eyes of the slave master/dominant race-class. [7]

Holocaust     Holocaust
Until the Story of the hunt is told by the Lion, the tale of the hunt will always glorify the hunter Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust African Proverb


  • Israeli Idea of Peace It has to be stated that Jews enslaving Africans happen inside of European identity and societies. Jews did not act through independent Jewish nation unlike Arabs, some Africans, and Western Europe. This is an important factor in understanding that there is a difference between European enslavement of Africans (which contains Jewish slave masters), Arab slavery (which also contained Jewish slave masters),
    Slavery in Africa (which would also contain Jewish people as victims of slavery as well as slave traders (North Africa)). Arab slavery had a "nationalist" personality by groups of people we call Arab today. So was slavery inside of Africa, it was the actions of nations such as Dahomey and Ethiopia (Abyssinia). There were no Jewish nations since the 1st century A.D, to act as a slaving nation. And this must be clarified so our understanding of this slavery is not confused, thus Jewish slave trade is more accurately termed the role of Jewish people in African enslavement, within other nations.
In examining Jewish African relations we discover a deep distrust on the part of the Africans and this distrust is not without some merit. The very hint of denying the 5-6 million who died is protected by law in some countries, no such protection protects African history. The impact of the African Holocaust is minimized at every turn, ignored denied, scuffed at with remarks such "what holocaust." "It was Africans doing it to Africans." "Only 10-12 million (arrived)." But how many left?

The African historians who write these articles for the African Holocaust Society do not not fit into any of the tidy boxes created by our detractors. And it would make their life easier if we did, because what balanced person would listen to the rants of a Neo-Nazi? But we are against war and racism, corruption and misrepresentation, we defend self-determination, and indigenous peoples rights, women rights, everyone's right to their history, culture, dialogue, research, plurality and meritocracy.

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We are not Black radical nationalist, Communist, Islamic or Christian Zealots, Afrocentrics or Black supremacist. Neither are we guilty by association because we take the good and the bad from everyone. Our associations and working relationships are not restricted just because someone has an issue with Nation of Islam or Libya.

Holocaust     Holocaust
The Zionist argument to justify Israel's present occupation of Arab Palestine has no intelligent or legal basis in history Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Malcolm X

In America, as actor Ben Affleck said, the way people speak about Arabs and Muslims would not be tolerated if the same things were said about Jews. The world needs one standard across the board. And shame on anyone who profits from human rights and then in their turn denies another people their human rights, dignity and voice.

Jews correctly hunt down every single war criminal and turn them out of their nursing homes to stand trial at 99 years old for crimes against humanity. [3] And rightly so, maybe Africans have a lot to learn from how Jews handle some of their affairs. How they defend what defines them, how they made Hebrew the official language and White Judaism the official culture and religion, defending it with Nukes. Most African surrender, without even being requested, their identity and wealth.

The horrors of the African Holocaust are not minor just because Africans do not have the power of media on their side. But some Jews, such as Norman Finkelstein said, have extracted sympathy to justify the unjustifiable by mocking and exploiting their own Holocaust, and turning it into a political and economic industry. So for Africans the legacy of slavery, apartheid and colonialism has a twisted double blow in how African history is given priority in the world today.[continue]

Holocaust     Holocaust
Have our Jewish sisters and brothers forgotten their humiliation? Have they forgotten the collective punishment, the home demolitions, in their own history so soon? Have they turned their backs on their profound and noble religious traditions? Have they forgotten that God cares deeply about the downtrodden? Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Desmond Tutu

Judaism is a solid religion which has been responsible for influencing a significant part of our morality and law. [10] As well as being the religion of the most recognized man to have ever lived — Jesus. As well as the religion of the most influential man to have ever lived Paul (aka Saul of Tarsus). [1] It definitely absorbed much of its components from Ancient Egypt (KMT) and has continued to this day (indirectly via Christianity and Islam) to be a force in shaping our modern reality. It has been an unspoken ideological cornerstone in the formation of Islam, just as much as Islam has shaped modern Judaic theology.

So we must identify 1. Judaism (religion) and slavery, 2. Historical Jews (Mizrahi, African, etc) and slavery, and finally 3. Modern European Jews and their involvement as European people in African enslavement and oppression.


Read: Most Jews are European ancestry

Holocaust     Holocaust

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land

Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Exodus 1:8-10

See EU Times Jewish Racism to African Jews

Ethiopian Jews face Racism Many outside of Israel are actually unaware of how many Africans (mainly Ethiopians) live as oppressed second class Israeli citizens. Operation Solomon and subsequent so-called "rescues from persecution" was the solution to a labor shortage in Israel. What Israel needed was cheap uneducated Black bodies to serve as cannon fodder for against the Palestine, to clean the streets of Tel Aviv, and to make up the "slave" lower-class social sector. This labor pool still lives at the bottom of every social economic indicator, victims of terrible racism that rarely makes headline news, or even has advocacy groups to speak on their behalf.

Jewish Ethiopian women were given contraceptive injections before immigrating to Israel and after arrival. The result: a 50 percent decline in birthrate, and a ‘missing generation’ of Ethiopian children.[5] According to Newsweek, "Poverty is three times higher among Ethiopians than among other Jewish Israelis, and unemployment is twice as high. Ethiopian youngsters are much more likely to drop out of school and are vastly under-represented at the country's universities. One place they are over-represented is in jail: juvenile delinquency runs four times higher in the community than among Israelis overall."[3][4]

Holocaust     Holocaust
Health Minister director general instructs all gynecologists in Israel's four health maintenance organizations not to inject women with long-acting contraceptive Depo-Provera if they do not understand ramifications of treatment Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Talila Nesher, Haaretz[2]

Holocaust     Holocaust
..it's incredibly black: populated mostly by Ethiopians who also had a dream… like my cell mates, one who is pregnant. They are all are in their twenties. They thought they were coming to the Holy Land. They had a dream that their lives would be better… The once proud, never-colonized Ethiopia [has been thrown into] the back pocket of the United States, and become a place of torture, rendition, and occupation Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Cynthia McKinney[5]

They are often bared from prestigious schools who blatantly advertise "No Blacks here." The plight of the Ethiopian Jew is identical to the African-American in the 60's, and the consequences are identical, drugs, suicide rates (Ethiopians have the highest suicide rates in Israel), cultural displacement, lost of identity, self-hatred (towards other Africans and self), inferiority complex, delinquency, crime, prostitution, etc.

Holocaust     Holocaust
Ethiopian Jews say racism has added to their troubles. In some towns, Israeli parents have tried to prevent Ethiopian children from sharing classrooms with their own. Ethiopians have also claimed discrimination in housing and job opportunities. Ethiopian religious leaders have struggled to win recognition. Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust DIAA HADID | AP

Let the original Jew stand up The unique nature of the 2500 year old African Judaism once caught inside of secular Israeli was torn to pieces by the so-called Europeanized orthodoxy (an 18th century movement) that had nothing but contempt for the various Africanized Jewish rituals.[1]

An attempt was made to "forcible" make them into European Jews. The attitude resulted in the same arrogance witnessed during colonialism where "good" and "right" meant copycatting the European version. Nothing was established at a Rabbinic or state level to protect and accept the unique Ethiopian Jewish customs, in a state that is suppose to boast of "equality and tolerance" for all its citizens. Ironically until Operation Solomon, Ethiopian Jews thought that Judaism was a religion only for Ethiopians--they were shocked to see White Jews, and probably more shock to see them running Israel. So we come to see the Europeanization process at work in displacing and creating serious identity crisis. In a nutshell for an African to be valid he or she must conform to the European standard, despite having a more authentic an ancient tradition. Read More

Holocaust     Holocaust
Ethiopian Israelis have average monthly household incomes of around $1,800 dollars, less than half the average of other Jews, according to the Israel Association for Ethiopian Jews Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust DIAA HADID | AP


See | External Article

Jewish Identity: Seeking to protect its Jewish character, Israel has implemented increasingly strict policies meant to limit the number of migrants who enter. A nation of White colonial immigrants complaining about Africans is reprehensible. The demonstrators chanted "The people demand the expulsion of the infiltrators," "We have come to expunge the darkness,"[1]

Israel's Defense Ministry announced Thursday that it will erect between 20,000-25,000 tents for African migrants at various detention centers by the end of the year. (Link) The irony and hypocrisy arise when one remembers that Israel was supposedly established as a state to protect people from the Holocaust, although Zionist colonization in Palestine had begun decades earlier.

Added to this is the bizarre notion that a state that is supposedly obsessed with national security, and one that is fond of lecturing everyone else about protecting borders, suddenly wakes up to find that tens of thousands of people have been able to stream across Israel’s borders, seemingly with little difficulty. Israeli leaders have also taken the opportunity to warn against the “loss of Israel’s Jewish character” due to the influx of migrants, while the statistics happen to defeat the other racist claims – police point out that the crime rate among the migrants is in fact lower than that in ordinary Israeli society.

Cities like Haifa are warning businesses that they’ll lose their licenses to operate if they hire African refugees. Avigdor Lieberman, the same foreign minister who routinely promises “transfer” of Palestinians, has enthusiastically met with Geert Wilders, the hard right, anti-immigrant leader of the Dutch Freedom Party.


Holocaust     Holocaust
That which is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow. That is the whole Torah; the rest is the explanation; go and learn Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Talmud, Shabbat 31a

The conscious African communities across the world are strongly anti-Zionist (Malcolm, Kwame Ture), and not only because it is a form of neocolonialism. You see we too came out (or are still caught up in) a Holocaust. With our own eyes we have seen the hideous side of inhumanity, subjugation, oppression and feel its bitter sting every day for the last 500 years—no one knows oppression like African people, being the longest victims of slavery, colonialism,


exploitation and modern racism. It has scared our hearts and our histories for eternity - and we will NEVER FORGET.

Holocaust     Holocaust
Living under the shadow of the Holocaust and expecting forgiveness for everything they will do in the name of their suffering seems coarse. They have learned nothing from the suffering of their parents and their grandparents Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Sousa Saramago

The African Holocaust attempt was to take humans and make them into articles, so we could come out of that Holocaust as beast, but we have chosen to salvage our humanity. We now seek the highest human quality—empathy – which is extended, regardless of race. So in that empathy we have a unique position on this Earth to understand suffering, having experience tyranny for so long. It is immoral and disturbing to hear some learned Rabbi cite that "love" should only be extended to fellow Jews, thus Palestinians are ripe for genocide according to Torah law.

Holocaust     Holocaust
The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as one of your citizens; you shall love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I the LORD am your God Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Leviticus 19:34

The Holocaust Industry The other people that should 100% understand this are the Jews, so when we see Israeli it is a double violation from a people that should know better. How can you know what oppression is like and then inflict that nightmare on another people? How can you know what religious persecution feels like and cry for your ancestors while burning Palestinian families in their beds. As Tutu says have you lost your humanity are you dead to empathy? What would you do if you were them and had your land taken post 1947? And marginalized under the banner of Israel's right to exist? Do they have no rights? It is not about taking sides because one side has Nuclear warheads and aircraft the other side has home made bombs and stones? Is it okay to continue to turn a blind eye with immoral justifications to your role in their inequity and genocide?

Is it okay to practice gross racist discrimination against African Jews (just like what Hitler would have done). To inspire and promote anti-Islamic sentiment, destabilize Arab nations (as Jews were destabilized by Nazi Germany). If we accept the higher authority of a G-D, then surely if the so-called chosen people favored by HaShem then why not act in that capacity and start to speak a language other than war and violence on weaker people. How can a people of conscious take the suffering of the Jewish Holocaust as a staging post for inhumanity and exploitation?

Holocaust     Holocaust
If I were an Arab leader I would never make terms with Israel. That is natural: we have taken their country … We come from Israel, but two thousand years ago, and what is that to them? There has been anti-Semitism, the Nazis, Hitler, Auschwitz, but was that their fault? They only see one thing: we have come here and stolen their country. Why should they accept that? Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust David Ben-Gurion[4][5]

I am not Jewish so I am homeless Israel has this terrible habit of misrepresenting obstacles and the size of those obstacles. (It also has a history of provoking most border incidents as part of its strategy to annex more land. [11] ) You don't throw out the entire party because there is no ice in the cooler. But Israel is looking for excuses. The only Peace the want is surrender. They all will discuss to death "there was no Palestinian state", "Palestinians had there chance and blew it (true or false we are here today)".

Israel already has their border, they already have their flag and military, their trade and fleet of aircraft, they already have a seat at the UN etc, they already have their dream state. The Palestinians don't (in any real way),so Israel barely has anything to gain from peace except the issue they keep bring up of security. But as Norman Finkelstein said, Israel has as much to worry about security as America had to worry about Grenada during the Regan administration. We can debate the degrees, but Arabs pose no significant threat to the day to day activities of the state of Israel-- the reverse is not true. One thing is for sure, had Israel been serious about peace why continue the settlements? They are not necessary and increase the tension as well as this issue they love so much "security." Israel is the product of war (WW2), it was justified on the back of a holocaust, it gains its principle funding and political support by constantly showcasing how many people "hate the Jews." Peace doesn't do anything for Israeli in fiscal terms. In a peaceful world most of its exports (weapons) go out of business.

Holocaust     Holocaust
I should much rather see reasonable agreement with the Arabs on the basis of living together in peace than the creation of a Jewish state. …the essential nature of Judaism resists the idea of a Jewish state with borders, an army, and a measure of temporal power….I am afraid of the inner damage Judaism will sustain – especially from the development of a narrow nationalism within our own ranks Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Einstein

And let’s understand that every single argument presented for the justification of Israel actions against the Palestinians is identical to those used by the apartheid regime of South Africa. South Africa had a more visible racism but the arguments supporting its racism are no different to those of Israel. South Africa justified all kinds of extreme measures under the banner of "Security", actually apartheid itself was a form of "security", group areas act, a form of "security." The joint relationship between apartheid South Africa and Israel in biological warfare and Nuclear warfare testifies to them seeing their problems (and final solutions) as the same. With sweet words hell on Earth, endless wars, slavery, conquest, colonialism can be justified. And it would be wise for the Palestinians to no try no-violence if they want to win peace not only because non-violence is more humane but it will remove every argument Israeli needs to continue its oppression.

Israeli is the only country in the world to have so many immigrant leaders, none of them dark skinned like the native Jews.

Holocaust     Holocaust
Peace process starts with the Truth process Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust 'Alik Shahadah

Why would Africans understand the Palestine side? Well we have been the Palestinians of the world for the last 500 Years.

Holocaust     Holocaust
We are building ourselves a ghetto. We will be surrounded by tens of millions of Muslims who will never forgive, never forget and never go away...But don't Jews deserve a homeland? Actually, I feel that no human group deserves a "homeland" in the usual sense of the word. ... I am not a Zionist, then, because I don't believe in nations, and Zionism merely sets up one more nation to trouble the world Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Isaac Asimov

Kevin Barrett: There is only one argument the Zionists cannot possibly win: The argument over whether there should be a "Jewish state" in Palestine in the first place. Defenders of this bizarre notion must argue that it is perfectly fine for a religious-ethnic group to invade and occupy another group's land, halfway across the world, on the basis of the aggressor group's ancient mythology. And that it is perfectly fine for the aggressor group to dispossess and destroy the people living on that land, and to create an ethnic-specific apartheid system under which the invaders are first class citizens, while the victims are either second-class citizens or permanently exiled from their homeland.

MIKO PELED: Israeli children are educated to see the Palestinians as a problem that must be solved and as a threat that must be eliminated. They can go through life, as I did growing up in Jerusalem, without ever meeting a Palestinian child. They know nothing of the life or culture of Palestinians who quite often live only several hundred meters from them.

Holocaust     Holocaust
As a Jew, I was ashamed at the scenes of Jews opening fire at innocent Arabs in Hebron. There is no other definition than the term 'pogrom' to describe what I have seen Holocaust
Holocaust Holocaust
Holocaust Ehud Olmert (reluctantly) [3]

White exapnsion in America and IsraelClick on Map For Link Palestinians are portrayed as an existential threat through absurd comparisons like that of Yasser Arafat to Hitler, the Palestinians to Nazis, and the Palestinian resistance to Al Qaeda. Since Israeli kids never meet Palestinians what they learn in school, particularly in the school textbooks, is all that they know. In fact it is remarkable that even though they live so close to one another, much if not all of what Israelis know about their Palestinian neighbors comes from high school text books and popular racist stereotypes. Israelis don't know that Palestinians never had an army, that they do not possess a single tank, a single warship or fighter jet, that they don't have a single artillery battery and do not in fact pose a military threat at all.

According to a new book by Dr. Nurit Peled-Elhanan, not a single photo of a person who is a Palestinian exists in Israeli textbooks and there are millions of Palestinians in and around Israel. Israelis don't learn about Palestinian doctors and teachers, engineers and writers. They don't learn Palestinian poetry or prose and they don't read the works of Palestinian historians.

Gilad Atzmon | "I was part of a colonial state, the result of plundering and ethnic cleansing." I don't write about politics, I write about ethics. I write about Identity. I write a lot about the Jewish Question – because I was born in the Jew-land, and my whole process in maturing into an adult was involved with the realization that my people are living on stolen land...Israel's military options are running out. There is no way to maintain the Jewish State by the sword. The time is overdue for Israel to drop its expansionist genocidal philosophy. If Israelis really want to live in the region, they must pursue every means towards peace immediately. [The Wandering Who?]


Holocaust     Holocaust
Strictly speaking it is incorrect to call an Ancient Israelite a 'Jew' or to call a contemporary Jew an Israelite or a Hebrew Holocaust
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Holocaust Jewish Almanac (1980)

Modern Judaism, the Judaism which we see all around us, is not much older than Christianity. And Rabbinic Judaism is far younger than the church--and not the other way around. This has to be stated because it is a serious myth to assume Judaism is a 3000 year old religion. Its roots may be 3000 years old, but so are the roots of Islam and Christianity.

Now let us starting with the terms " Jew" we see that in the 1980 Jewish Almanac we read: "Strictly speaking it is incorrect to call an Ancient Israelite a 'Jew' or to call a contemporary Jew an Israelite or a Hebrew." The word "Jew" never referred to the Israelites in general. It is related to the tribe of Judah--and to the Southern Hebrew Kingdom of Judah/Judea after the death of Solomon. The Northern Kingdom (or Kingdom of Israel) evolved into the Samaritans. So Jesus was a Jew. Abraham, Moses, etc. were not Jewish.

The Invention of the Jewish People And we must hold on to this when discussing the contemporary state of Israel and historical Israel. Just like Modern Ghana and Ancient Ghana, were not related. Actually the entire notion of a Jewish nation is largely a myth. Judaism as a religion is one thing but the notion of a connected Jewish people who went into 2500 year exile and still retain that genetic-cultural identity is nothing short of a national myth. A myth which piggybacked off of a holocaust to create the pseudo-state called Israel. ( See Invention of the Jewish People - Shlomo Sand).

There is no serious scholar contesting the conversion of Europeans and Russians (Khazars) to Judaism prior to the spreading of Christianity during the 8th century. This conversion of Germans, Russians and many other people from Europe have added to the original Jews and today what we see as Jews are actually mostly European converts. So the first red flag in this conflict is how could people from Europe come to the hot Middle East and file a 2000 year claim of "right to return." Some may have faint genetic connections to "true Jews" but you will find Italian people with Berber bloodlines. Moreover you will find the Lemba people of Southern Africa have even more "Jewishness" in their DNA than European Jews.

Jews are a religion not a nation or a people Palestinian people have not been known for any crimes against their Jewish neighbors until the 1920s when Eastern European and Russian Ashkenazi Jews started to descend on Palestine with the idea that that they were going to return to their "ancient roots"; something which was all part of the planned national mythology since Eastern European Jews and Russians never had any roots in the Levant.[5]

DNA evidence shows that populations in the region have been relatively stable stable for the last 2000 years. Which means that, regardless of what people there called themselves, the modern indigenous people of the region (i.e. those called Palestinians today) are direct descendants of Hebraic and Canaanite peoples (albeit converted to Islam and Arabized). The same cannot necessarily be said for European Jews.

To put this crisis in another context, can you imagine Nigerian Muslims moving to Saudi Arabia and claiming it as their original land while displacing native Christian Arabs and having more rights than these natives? How are we suppose to honestly believe that white skin red-headed people with cowboy hats have anything to do with the Afro-Asiatic people of Ancient Israel? These are the realities which cause so much debate in African-Diaspora communities. The entire notion of the Khzar ancestry of the European Jew is a study gaining great momentum. But where it becomes vulgar is when White Jews hold themselves up as the original and orthodoxy of Judaism while denying Africans any authentic claim to Jewish heritage.

Zionism is a specific manifestation of white-supremacy and it is the most brutal form of neocolonialism. It is a racist opportunistic political ideology of White Jewish atheist who capitalized on both the horrors of the Jewish holocaust in Europe and the Biblical story of God's promise to the nation of Ancient Israel. It is both arrogant and the highest form of racial supremacy: God has given us, White Jews, someone else's land and we have the right to kill the natives where they stand. Does Apartheid Israel today have a right to exist?

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How can we (Jews) stop trudging along roads paved mainly with the forged materials of national fantasies? Holocaust
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Historically there is no argument for its creation, especially at the expense of another people. And if Israel was so sacred why was Uganda on the table as a home for Jews? Proving it was all opportunism and not a natural history of a people. But in the interest of human peace and advancement there is enough space in modern Israel to have a home for both Jewish and Arab people. Israel cannot continue to be a dominating oppressive force in a someone else land. Peace demands we make do with what we have and find coexistence based on justice and truth. But the issue is Israel has zero desire for peace, they want and demand complete surrender. The illegal settlements are without need, but still they injure the peace process by these dishonest greedy activities (See Torn Land)

Can anyone with humanity not empathize with the Palestinian whose great great great grandfather plough fields in what is now modern Israel?

Especially when that Palestinian is now being stopped by a 6 month old Russian Jewish immigrant (who barely speaks Hebrew) and being ask "where are your papers" to walk over their ancestor's land. And while everyone is "claiming the land" the DNA does not lie.

Torn Land - Palestine
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Genetic analysis and historical accounts also suggest the Muslims of Palestine are largely descendants of Christians and Jews of the southern Levant, and descendants of a core population that lived there in prehistoric times. [2] So where should these people go, if Zionism has its way? Imagine if all European-Americans got up one day and said "Europe is still our home and we are going to claim it?" Or if African-Americans go back to West Africa and displace the current Nigerians (who have always been part of the region)? Historically, people movement is so complex and frequent that the argument of "my original land" holds no water, at least if we ever want to live in peace. Because most of the world population is somewhere they didn't start off in (see Bantu Migration and Oromo people for such movements).

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The Torah talks about and "Eye for and Eye" , Israeli takes it a step further and "Eye for a life." If you throw a stone, they drop a bomb Holocaust
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Israel and Palestine It is a mirror to South Africa. And Israel has deceitfully hidden it's policies in smooth language and obfuscation. "There was no Palestinian state when we arrived?" Well there was no state in parts of South Africa when the Europeans arrived, so does that validate conquest? Because the people you are conquering failed to adhere to western notions of parliament and didn't have a flag and an anthem?

Many settlers are living in the occupied Palestinian territories not for ideological reasons but for practical ones. They have been induced to do so by generous Israeli government subsidies. Many settlers are zealots and regardless of need they intentionally provoke the tension by settling in Palestine. Because they believe that all the occupied territories belong exclusively to the Jewish people and that Palestinians there are not entitled to national or political rights. [3]

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Can you imagine what would happen if Palestinians made a big deal over their captive people like the Jews make over Gilad Shalit? Which countries give honorary citizenship to the Palestinian women held in Israeli jails, do we know their names? Do they become over night stars on CNN and BBC? But regardless of the death toll on the Palestinian side, do you know what the Israeli side says; "They were majority combatants, conspirators , terrorist and sympathizers." So "more" Jewish civilians were killed since 90% of Palestine is hostile and hence a combatant (or "potential combatant") Even the little teenagers and infants depicted in Hollywood movies are also baby terrorist with suicide bombs in their pampers. Many Africans are familiar with these arguments to justify the Atlantic slave trade, "they were all involved in their own demise, we just picked up the pieces."

Modern thinking, recognizes both the inherent rights of individuals as human beings and the rights of self-defined peoples to national self-determination. Medieval thinking, on the other hand, relies on holy texts and symbols, and conceives of people not as individuals and groups of individuals, but as fixed categories in a divinely ordained hierarchy.  

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The status of the settlements was clearly inconsistent with Article 3 of the Convention, which, as noted in the Committee's General Recommendation XIX, prohibited all forms of racial segregation in all countries. There is a consensus among publicists that the prohibition of racial discrimination, irrespective of territories, is an imperative norm of international law Holocaust
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It is not very well known outside of intellectual circles that the Golden Age of Islam was also the Golden age of Judaism. Because Jews who were persecuted by Europeans found far greater accommodation and tolerance in Muslim lands. Jewish revisionist have tried to cover up and re-write this history by stipulating that Jews were 2nd class citizens. But that observation is relatively moot when we contrast it against African-Americans today in modern America.

So in our so-called modern progressive democratic ideal, 1000 years on, look at the social-status of Africans in the West. Or let us look at the persecution of Muslims in European countries like France and Norway. But we can bring it closer to this debate and look at Ethiopian or Mitzrahi Jews in modern Israel. So the status of the Jew in Muslim lands allowed a boom in Jewish art, religion, culture, and more important their theology and scholarship. Because of Islamic influence modern Judaism was realized with the greatest scholar of Jewish history Maimonides. (موسى بن ميمون) . Read More[4]




The following passages are from Dr. Raphael's book Jews and Judaism in the United States: A Documentary History (New York: Behrman House, Inc., Pub, 1983), pp. 14, 23-25.
"Jews also took an active part in the Dutch colonial slave trade; indeed, the bylaws of the Recife and Mauricia congregations (1648) included an imposta (Jewish tax) of five soldos for each Negro slave a Brazilian Jew purchased from the West Indies Company. Slave auctions were postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday. In Curacao in the seventeenth century, as well as in the British colonies of Barbados and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave trade. In fact, in all the American colonies, whether French (Martinique), British, or Dutch, Jewish merchants frequently dominated.
"This was no less true on the North American mainland, where during the eighteenth century Jews participated in the 'triangular trade' that brought slaves from Africa to the West Indies and there exchanged them for molasses, which in turn was taken to New England and converted into rum for sale in Africa. Isaac Da Costa of Charleston in the 1750's, David Franks of Philadelphia in the 1760's, and Aaron Lopez of Newport in the late 1760's and early 1770's dominated Jewish slave trading on the American continent."
Dr. Raphael discusses the central role of the Jews in the New World commerce and the African slave trade (pp. 23-25):

During the sixteenth century, exiled from their Spanish homeland and hard-pressed to escape the clutches of the Inquisition, Spanish and Portuguese Jews fled to the Netherlands; the Dutch enthusiastically welcomed these talented, skilled businessmen.
While thriving in Amsterdam - where they became the hub of a unique urban Jewish universe and attained status that anticipated Jewish emancipation in the West by over a century - they began in the 1500's and 1600's to establish themselves in the Dutch and English colonies in the New World. These included Curacao, Suriname, Recife, and New Amsterdam (Dutch) as well as Barbados, Jamaica, Newport, and Savannah (English).
In these European outposts the Jews, with their years of mercantile experience and networks of friends and family providing market reports of great use, played a significant role in the merchant capitalism, commercial revolution, and territorial expansion that developed the New World and established the colonial economies. The Jewish-Caribbean nexus provided Jews with the opportunity to claim a disproportionate influence in seventeenth and eighteenth century New World commerce, and enabled West Indian Jewry-far outnumbering its co-religionists further north-to enjoy a centrality which North American Jewry would not achieve for a long time to come.
Groups of Jews began to arrive in Surinam in the middle of the seven-teenth century, after the Portuguese regained control of northern Brazil. By 1694, twenty-seven years after the British had surrendered Surinam to the Dutch, there were about 100 Jewish families and fifty single Jews there, or about 570 persons. They possessed more than forty estates and 9,000 slaves, contributed 25,905 pounds of sugar as a gift for the building of a hospital, and carried on an active trade with Newport and other colonial ports. By 1730, Jews owned 115 plantations and were a large part of a sugar export business which sent out 21,680,000 pounds of sugar to European and New World markets in 1730 alone.
Slave trading was a major feature of Jewish economic life in Surinam which as a major stopping-off point in the triangular trade. Both North American and Caribbean Jews played a key role in this commerce: records of a slave sale in 1707 reveal that the ten largest Jewish purchasers (10,400 guilders) spent more than 25 percent of the total funds (38,605 guilders) exchanged.
Jewish economic life in the Dutch West Indies, as in the North American colonies, consisted primarily of mercantile communities, with large inequities in the distribution of wealth. Most Jews were shopkeepers, middlemen, or petty merchants who received encouragement and support from Dutch authorities. In Curacao, for example, Jewish communal life began after the Portuguese victory in 1654.
In 1656, the community founded a congregation, and in the early 1670's brought its first rabbi to the island. Curacao, with its large natural harbor, was the steppng-stone to the other Caribbean islands and thus ideally suited geographically for commerce.

The Jews were the recipients of favorable charters containing generous economic privileges granted by the Dutch West Indies Company in Amsterdam. The economic life of the Jewish community of Curacao revolved around ownership of sugar plantations and marketing of sugar, the importing of manufactured goods, and a heavy involvement in the slave trade, within a decade of their arrival, Jews owned 80 percent of the Curacao plantations.

The strength of the Jewish trade lay in connections in Western Europe as well as ownership of the ships used in commerce. While Jews carried on an active trade with French and English colonies in the Caribbean, their principal market was the Spanish Main (today Venezuela and Colombia). Extant tax lists give us a glimpse of their dominance. Of the eighteen wealthiest Jews in the 1702 and 1707 tax lists, nine either owned a ship or had at least a share in a vessel. By 1721 a letter to the Amsterdam Jewish community claimed that "nearly all the navigation...was in the hands of the Jews."' Yet another indication of the economic success of Curacao's Jews is the fact that in 1707 the island's 377 residents were assessed by the Governor and his Council a total of 4,002 pesos; 104 Jews, or 27.6 percent of the taxpayers, contributed 1,380 pesos, or 34.5 percent of the entire amount assessed.

In the British West Indies, two 1680 tax lists survive, both from Barbados; they, too, provide useful information about Jewish economic life. In Bridgetown itself, out of a total of 404 households, 54 households or 300 persons were Jewish, 240 of them living in "ye Towne of S. Michael ye Bridge Town." Contrary to most impressions, "many, indeed, most of them, were very poor." There were only a few planters, and most Jews were not naturalized or endenizened (and thus could not import goods or pursue debtors in court). But for merchants holding letters of endenization, opportunities were not lacking. Barbados sugar-and its by-products rum and molasses-were in great demand, and in addition to playing a role in its export, Jewish merchants were active in the import trade.

Forty-five Jewish households were taxed in Barbados in 1680, and more than half of them contributed only 11.7 percent of the total sum raised. While the richest five gave almost half the Jewish total, they were but 11.1 percent of the taxable population. The tax list of 1679-80 shows a similar picture; of fifty-one householders, nineteen (37.2 percent) gave less than one-tenth of the total, while the four richest merchants gave almost one-third of the total.
An interesting record of interisland trade involving a Jewish merchant and the islands of Barbados and Curacao comes from correspondence of 1656. It reminds us that sometimes the commercial trips were not well planned and that Jewish captains - who frequently acted as commercial agents as well - would decide where to sell their cargo, at what price, and what goods to bring back on the return trip.
(End of excerpt)

The Jewish Onslaught
Despatches From The Wellesley Battlefront
By Tony Martin
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a polemic of the highest order... the best example of an African answering critics since David Walker's Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World. Holocaust
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Holocaust Molefi Asante
"Professor Martin at long last deals with the Henry Gates/Cornel West attacks on Afrocentricity.... Martin provides a solid analysis of the historical use of Blacks by whites to discredit original Black thought deemed unacceptable by non-Blacks....
"I compare The Jewish Onslaught to the classic third chapter of DuBois' The Souls of Black Folk entitled 'Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others....' Martin has written a book that years from now will be considered a classic.... It is simply a must reading on a controversial subject that needs greater airing than some of the more timid political attempts of recent years." - Raymond Winbush, The Voice Of Black Studies
" Tony Martin has been forced to delve into the relationship between the Jews and Blacks and in the process, he has distilled a work that is informative, fascinating and one which will heighten the consciousness of Black people everywhere." - Carl Wint, The Sunday Gleaner
#1 Bestseller
(Your Black Books Guide)
Best Book Of The Year
(Black Literary Awards, 1994)
1993. vii+137pp. ISBN 0-912469-30-7.
Subject: Who owned the slaving ships?
Name Of Slave Ships And Their Owners:
The 'Abigail-Caracoa' - Aaron Lopez, Moses Levy, Jacob Crown
Isaac Levy and Nathan Simpson
The'Nassau' - Moses Levy
The 'Four Sisters' - Moses Levy
The 'Anne' & The 'Eliza' - Justus Bosch and John Abrams
The 'Prudent Betty' - Henry Cruger and Jacob Phoenix
The 'Hester' - Mordecai and David Gomez
The 'Elizabeth' - Mordecai and David Gomez
The 'Antigua' - Nathan Marston and Abram Lyell
The 'Betsy' - Wm. De Woolf
The 'Polly' - James De Woolf
The 'White Horse' - Jan de Sweevts
The 'Expedition' - John and Jacob Roosevelt
The 'Charlotte' - Moses and Sam Levy and Jacob Franks
The 'Franks' - Moses and Sam Levy

Some of the Jews of Newport and Charleston who were engaged in the distillery or slavery trade, or both, were: Isaac Gomez, Hayman Levy, Jacob Malhado, Naphtaly Myers, David Hart, Joseph Jacobs, Moses Ben Franks, Moses Gomez, Isaac Dias,
Benjamin Levy, David Jeshuvum, Jacob Pinto, Jacob Turk, Daniel Gomez, James Lucana, Jan de Sweevts, Felix (cha-cha) de Souza
(known as the 'Prince of Slavers' and second only to Aaron Lopez), Simeon Potter, Isaac Elizer, Jacob Rod, Jacol) Itodrigues Rivera, Haym Isaac Carregal, Abraham Touro, Moses Hays, Moses Lopez, Judah Touro, Abrtham Mendes and Abraham All. Of some 600 ships leaving the port of Newport, more than 300 were engaged in the slave trade. A typical cargo of one ship, 'La Fortuna', was 217 slaves which cost about $4,300 and sold for $41,438.00.
Only about 10% of the slave ship captains were Jews, not wanting to subject themselves to the rigors of the 6-month journey.
They preferred to stay at home and A video, "The Jewish Role in the Black Slave Trade," a speech by Prof. Tony Martin with an introduction by Hoffman, remains online at Google, as of this writing. Viewers who wish to see it before it, too is censored by Google, can access it here:

Slavery in the Bible was part of everyday life. In the Jewish Torah slavery was a seamless part of the society. Like Islam and Christianity there was no abolishment of slavery. However, like Islam, it is believed by most Jews that the Torah "cleaned up" slavery with a view to its elimination.



Most articles on the subject outside of the so-called antisemites crowd are generally very sanitized. An almost all critique of the likes of Tony Martin are hung up on the word "dominated." The question that seems to make Henry Louis Gates' skin curdle is the question of dominance of Jewish slavers.

It seems very unreasonable to make such passionate rhetorts to an entire area of study just because of a volume dispute. Because outside of the question of volume of Jewish involvement the records on Jewish slave owners is no mystery.

Beyond extremist agendas on either side there remains an academic need to study Jewish (in the broad sense) involvement within the enslavement of African people. This debate has just as much merit as slavery in Africa, Slavery in Islam, Slavery in Christianity. But these topics need to be treated with some sensativity if a productive debate is to be established.

Nathan Mayer Rothschild, the banking family's 19th-century patriarch, and James William Freshfield, founder of Freshfields, the top City law firm, benefited financially from slavery, records from the National Archives show, even though both have often been portrayed as opponents of slavery. - FT.com

Arnold Wiznitzer a prominent Jewish professor, states in his book ''Jews in Colonial Brazil'' that Jewish people were involved in aspects of the trade.( Jews in Colonial Brazil (1960), pp. 72-3) Austria, December 20, 1899; Ph.D., University of Vienna, 1920. The presences of Jewish Slave owners are also echoed in the work of Jewish author Cecil Roth, Who stated:

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The Jews of the Joden Savanne,Surinam were also foremost in the suppression of the successive Negro revolts, from 1690 to 1722: these as a matter of fact were largely directed against them, as being the greatest slave-holders of the region Holocaust
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"“History of the Marranos (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1932), p. 292 by Cecil Roth. 

"Jews also took an active part in the Dutch colonial slave trade; indeed, the bylaws of the Recife and Mauricia congregations (1648) included an imposta (Jewish tax) of five soldos for each Negro slave a Brazilian Jew purchased from the West Indies Company. Slave auctions were postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday. In Curacao in the seventeenth century, as well as in the British colonies of Barbados and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave trade. In fact, in all the American colonies, whether French (Martinique), British, or Dutch, Jewish merchants frequently dominated. Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael

It would seem to be realistic to conclude that any Jew who could afford to own slaves and had need for their services would do so....Jews participated in every aspect and process of the exploitation of the defenseless blacks." From “Jews and Negro Slavery in the Old South, 1789-1865," Dr. Korn is a rabbi, historian with degrees from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati. --

Rabbi Bertram W. Korn

There is no denying that European Jews were agents in the TransAtlantic Slave Trade. It is erroneous to think that Jews can claim some moral high-ground in slavery and therefore be exempt on the bases of being Jewish. Jews were no more or less involved in the slave trade than any other ethno-cultural or national group. Jews by their low percentage in the population meant that they could never have been a slaving majority in actual numbers. However, this does not exclude them from being key agents in the slaving process; from plantation owners, financiers of slave raids, to insurance brokers.

It could be argued that these people were clearly European and may only have been Jewish in terms of ethnic origin or remote Jewish ancestry, thus attributing Jew to Slavery or Islam to Slavery is clearly distasteful and misleading. Because of the geo-politics of our world the case for examining Jewish involvment in Slavery has more to do with the injustices and inbalances in how history is viewed. If it is fair to expose the Arab slave trade in Africans and the African slave trade in Africans then why not also examine Jewish involvement? We cannot continue to live in a world where one groups of people are weighted by a completly different set of standards while at the same time fully exploiting justices and truth when it serves their interest and then denying these freedoms to others.


Jews, the Slave Trade, and Slavery

1. The vast majority of New World slaves were captured, bought, traded, and employed by non-Jews.
2. Some Jews participated in the slave trade, owned slaves, and even helped formulate and disseminate the pro-slavery ideology. Other Jews, including the Cincinnati abolitionist Max Lilianthal, Isaac Wise, and Rabbi David Einhor of Baltimore attacked slavery.
3. The Jewish expulsion from Spain coincided with establishment of trading links between Africa, Europe, and the Americas. As a result, the Sephardim found themselves dispersed over critical nodes of the new system, transferring assets and information.
4. The only place where Jews came close to dominating a New World plantation system was the Dutch colonies of Curacao and Surinam.
5. In the antebellum South, about 5,000 Jews (out of 20,000) owned one or more slaves, making up 1.25 percent of Southern slaveowners.
6. The largest Jewish slaveholders were Judah P. Benjamin owned 140 slaves near New Orleans; and Major Raphael J. Moses owned 50 slaves near Columbus, Georgia.
7. No southern Jewish intellectual questioned the injustice of slavery.


In the Torah, both Jews and non Jews could be kept as slaves. Jewish slaves were to be treated more like servants than possessions, and were indentured for a fixed period rather than indefinitely.

" The Hebrew servant, Scripture says, must not be treated with vigor. This was held to mean no needless work must be imposed on his for the purpose of keeping him under discipline... Nor must he be put to bondsman's work i.e any humiliating task, such as only slaves perform... The master of a Hebrew bondman (or a bondmaid) must place him on an equality with himself in meat and drink, in lodging and in bed clothes, and must act towards him in a brotherly manner; for the Scripture always speaks of him as "thy brother". Hence it is said: "Whoever buys a Hebrew servant buys a master for himself." - JewishEncyclopedia.com

To become a slave were limited to:

1. sold by the (rabbinical) court without his consent, only in the case where the Jew has committed theft

2. A Jew who has no other means left to him, and chooses to sell himself.

According to Jewish law, a Jewish slave could only be indentured or enslaved for a specific length of time. This was six years. However, slaves who willingly chose to could be enslaved forever.

If your brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, is sold to you and serves you six years, then in the seventh year you shall let him go free from you. And when you send him away free from you, you shall not let him go away empty-handed;

- Deuteronomy 15:12-13

And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee. And then he shall depart from you-he and his children with him-and shall return to his own family. He shall return to the possession of his fathers. For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves. You shall not rule over him with rigor, but you shall fear your God. Leviticus 25:39-42

While the man sold into service is bound for a term of six years, the man who sells himself voluntarily binds himself for a term longer than six years, generally ten or twenty... But under all circumstances... if within the power of Israel's laws, he become free... in the year of jubilee. JewishEncyclopedia.com


All Jewish slaves have these restrictions placed upon them:

  • No Jewish slave may be sold to a non Jew, in case they convert out of Judaism.
  • Must be freed at the Jubilee year (every 50 years)
  • The Jewish community as a whole must make efforts to free a Jew who belongs to a non Jew.
  • May not acquire or own property
  • All slaves were indentured for six years. Jewish slaves are free to leave at the seventh year (however, any children that were born as a result of a marriage within that slavery period remain as the owner's property)
  • May not be put to any humiliating or degrading work such as non Jews would do.
  • Once a female Jew has reached the age of puberty, her master must marry her, betroth her to his son, or set her free.

Rules governing Jews sold into slavery by the court:

  • A court may sell a Jewish man for theft only - but not a woman.
  • May live with a non-Jewish slave given to him by his master
  • Must be provided for with the same living standards as the master
  • If the Jewish slave wishes to be indentured longer voluntarily, he may do so by having his right ear pierced.
  • If the master dies before the six year period is up, he must serve the master's son (but no one else) until the initial period of indenture is over.
  • May buy his own freedom by paying back his original purchase cost, minus the years he has already worked.
  • Dismissed slaves must not be sent away empty handed, (unless they have bought back their freedom). They must be provided with food or wine, but not money or clothes.

Rules governing Jews who sold themselves into slavery:

  • May be dismissed empty handed at the end of their period of servitude.
  • May not live with a non Jewish female slave while enslaved.
  • May not have their period of servitude extended.
  • A female slave must be freed if her master dies, even if he leaves an heir.

Non-Jewish slaves

Unlike Islamic law, there were no restrictions on how non-Jewish slaves could be obtained. Often they were bought from other slave traders, were caught during warfare, or inherited. There were rules regarding their treatment, however.

  • They were possessions, and could be inherited.
  • If a slave owner strikes the slave so as to cause the loss of an eye or tooth, they had to be freed.
  • If the master strikes them so as to cause death on the same day as the beating, it is treated as a murder.
  • If the master strikes them so as to cause death on another day from the beating, it is not regarded as murder.
  • The male slaves are to be circumcised, and when circumcised, may eat the Passover meal.
  • Slaves had to follow Jewish law. This included resting on the Sabbath, where neither male nor female slave was permitted to work.

According to Jewish law, Jews were not allowed to have sex with their slaves, but this did happen often in Europe.



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